Myopia is a common ophthalmological disorder in which the patient can see clearly the objects nearby, but the objects seen in longer distances are blurred. The cause of myopia is the prolonged shape of the eye that causes a refractive error, focusing the images in front of the retina instead on it.
Myopia is usually diagnosed in children and adolescents and also has inherited features.
For the diagnosis of myopia only a standard ophthalmological examination is needed and, usually, vision can be restored with glasses, contact lenses or refractive surgery.
The most common symptoms of myopia are:
There are two components in the eye that focus the images on the retina:
In an eye of normal shape, those focusing components are in balance. In that case, the curvatures of the cornea and of the lens of the eye are smooth and as a result the incoming light is appropriately refracted directly onto the retina.
If the curve of the cornea or the lens is not balanced, the incoming light is not refracted correctly thus creating refractive error.
Myopia usually occurs when the length of the eye is longer than it should, or the cornea has greater curvature than normal. In this case the result is the incoming light, not to focus on the retina, but instead in front of it, making a distant object to appear blurry.
Some risk factors may increase the chance of developing myopia, such as:
Myopia can be diagnosed during a standard ophthalmic examination, which includes a refractive evaluation and a general examination of the eye health.
The refractive evaluation determines whether there are vision problems such as myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism or presbyopia. In addition, the ophthalmologist will likely use some eye drops to dilate your pupils and proceed to a detailed examination since this dilation allows the ophthalmologist to have a wider field of view inside the eye.
The main goal of treating myopia is to improve the vision by making the light to focus on the retina using corrective lenses (prescription glasses or contact lenses) or refractive surgery. Regular monitoring is also needed for possible complications of myopia such as glaucoma, cataract and retinal detachment.
The corrective methods can be:
In Emmetropia Eye clinic we invest in new technology in order to guarantee that we perform our calculations, examinations and finally treatment with great accuracy. Our consultants will inform and advise you in detail for the best possible solution. We have a dedicated glasses and contact lens department, along with edge technology for performing refractive surgery.